When the ruler knows his own heart,
the people are simple and pure,
When he meddles with their lives,
they become restless and disturbed.
Bad fortune is what good fortune leans on;
good fortune is what bad fortune hides in.
Who knows the ultimate end of this process?
Is there no norm of right?
Yet what is normal soon becomes abnormal;
peoples’s confusion is indeed long-standing.
Thus the master is content to serve as an example, and not to impose his will.
He is pointed but does not pierce;
He straightens but does not disrupt;
He illuminates but does not dazzle.